Safety of Journalists Logo
University of Liverpool logo

The University of Liverpool is one of the top UK universities, member of the prestigious Russell Group of 24 leading UK universities.

Worlds of Journalism study logo

The Worlds of Journalism Study is a cross-national collaborative project assessing the state of journalism in the world through representative surveys with journalists.

UNESCO logo prefixed with

UNESCO is the lead UN Agency for promoting freedom of expression and safety of journalists as part of its mandate to “promote the free flow of ideas by word and image”.

Terms & Conditions

Please read these Conditions of Use carefully. They apply to the website you were using which linked to these Conditions of Use (the “Site”). They govern your use of the Site and of all other University of Liverpool websites.

Access to and use of the Site is provided by The University of Liverpool although the website itself is separate to the main UoL website. By using the Site you are acknowledging that you have read and accepted these Conditions of Use and Privacy Policy.

We may change these Conditions of Use from time to time by updating this page. You should review this page regularly. Your continued use of the Site after changes have been made will be taken to indicate that you have read and accepted those changes. You should not use the Site if you are not happy with any changes to these Conditions of Use.

You agree to use the Site only in accordance with these Terms and Conditions of Use for lawful purposes, and in a way that does not infringe the rights of, restrict or inhibit anyone else’s use and enjoyment of the Site.

Prohibited behaviour includes (this list is not exhaustive) harassing or causing distress or inconvenience to any person, transmitting obscene or offensive content or disrupting the normal flow of dialogue within the Site and impersonating another person.

1. Disclaimer

Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and currency of the information contained in pages of the University of Liverpool Site and all subdomains thereof. However, contents are subject to change from time to time and the University can accept no liability for the accuracy of all the information presented at any given time.

The University reserves the right to make changes without notice. Some links may lead to information maintained by third parties and the University accepts no responsibility for the accuracy or any other aspect of information obtained through such links. Every effort is made to ensure downloadable content is free from viruses. The University can accept no liability for damages resulting from virus infection.

2. Copyright

All aspects of the Safety of Journalists' Site - design, text, graphics, applications, software, underlying source code and all other aspects - are copyright of The University of Liverpool and its affiliates or content and technology providers.

In accessing the web pages, you agree that any downloading of content is for personal, non-commercial reference only.

All content in the following sections: Academic Experts, Academic Studies, Civil Society and Resources is provided by the authors of this content. They have confirmed in writing that they are the copyright owners of the submitted content or have the right to publish it onto this platform. Any commercial uses of this content have to be cleared with the respective authors and/or copyright users. No part of this Site may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission.

3. Trademarks and Logos

The University has registered as trademarks the words:

University of Liverpool, The University of Liverpool and Liverpool University.

The University logo is registered with the College of Arms.

The University trademarks and logo may only be used in applications approved by the University, e.g. in official documents. They may not be used in any other context without the express consent of the University. Requests to use the University logo should be made by contacting

4. Personal Privacy

The University of Liverpool recognises the importance of personal privacy. This document explains how we collect and treat personal information on the Web.

The web server automatically collect standard, anonymous information, like the IP address of your computer, the browser software used, the operating system, access times, pages visited.

The use of your personal information in the above ways is necessary for the legitimate interests of the University in operating and improving its Site and subdomains, analysing their use, and ensuring their security.

Where you enter your personal information into an online form on any of our websites for a specified purpose, you will be advised how the information will be used (e.g. to send you newsletters or to enable your attendance at an event). At this time, you will also have the ability to give your permission to receive further relevant communications via your preferred method.

If you provide your email address by using subscription facilities or sending feedback, enquiries or requests by email, the personal information you provide (including your email address) will be used only to respond to your message or deliver the requested service.

On occasion you may be asked to provide some limited personal information (such as name, postal address, email address), when requesting publications, information or services via the University Site.

When providing this information, you may also be asked whether you wish to receive any further communication from the University of Liverpool though relevant to you.

Any personal information you provide will be held in accordance with the provisions of the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and used only for the reason specified at the point of collection. We will not sell, licence or trade your personal details to any third party.

Personal information provided by you and any other information relating to you, held by the University of Liverpool, may be exchanged between organisations (such as Kaplan Open Learning) for the purpose of considering the application, used for the University's own management purposes, or occasionally shared with other organisations in line with legal compliance, for example, in the prevention of crime.

5. Accessibility of webpages

We are committed to making the website accessible to as many different people as possible. The Site aims to be compliant with worldwide standards for accessibility. We believe that making our Site accessible improves the visitor experience for all.

What we've done

Here's some of the steps we've taken to ensure accessible web pages:

  • Using alt tags on images

  • Using sufficient contrast on colours

  • Using CSS to allow the separation of style and content

  • Providing alternative content where page elements are not accessible/unsupported

  • Captioning or providing transcripts for audio/video content

  • Publishing pages generated from valid HTML templates

Report a problem

If you find any problems accessing pages or content on the Site or would like to provide feedback, we'd like you to let us know via the feedback form or by emailing

6. Security

Appropriate security measures are in place to protect against loss, misuse or alteration of information collected from you, including measures to prevent, as far as possible, access to University databases by parties other than the University of Liverpool.

7. Requests for Access

The gathering and processing of personal data is regulated by the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Any access to personal information held by the University should be made in writing to University's Data Protection Officer.

8. Contacts and Feedback

Any comments or feedback regarding this statement should be submitted via our feedback button or directly to Dr Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova at